Documents Required For Asylum In Canada [2023]

Lylyane Kim

Seeking asylum can be a very critical and harrowing experience since it involves leaving one’s native country in order to seek refuge in a foreign country due to safety concerns such as civil war, armed conflict, or. massive violation of human rights.

As such, one of the nations known for its commitment towards humanitarian values through offering asylum by protecting human rights and offering safety to those in need is Canada, whereby it receives an annual massive influx of foreigners either seeking asylum or permanent residency.

Nonetheless, the process of seeking asylum in Canada demands a careful and well-documented approach whereby crucial documents serve as the foundation upon which an individual’s case for asylum is built, helping authorities assess the validity of their claims and providing evidence of the persecution they face in their country of origin.

The documentation stage for seeking asylum in Canada not only helps in identity verification, but also builds on your asylum claim through the assessment of your eligibility status by providing the basis of your request as well as its credibility.

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Some of the documentation required when seeking asylum in Canada include:

1. Passport/National ID: These are crucial primary identity verification documents for the application process since they provide proof of your identity, nationality and place of origin.

2. Birth certificate: Alongside your passport or national ID, a birth certificate equally provides validation of nationality and birth place.

3. Photograph: To further confirm your identity, you can submit a recent photograph of yourself

4. Visa: Refers to a passport endorsement that provides legal authorization for entry, transit or stay in a foreign nation for a specific duration.

A visa usually signifies initial legal entry into a country and as such, should be produced whenever available.

In instances of irregular entry methods into Canada, satisfactory explanation and evidence should be provided such as travel tickets, transportation receipts, or affidavits from individuals who assisted you.

5. Entry/exit stamps: These refer to official border stamps made to a passport by countries transited through. Asylum-seekers in Canada are required to provide such since these stamps document your travel route in addition to providing insight into your asylum claim.

6. Account of persecution statement: This is a statement that details your proof of persecution claims within your country of origin.

The contents of this statement should provide satisfactory reasons for seeking asylum in Canada, possible repercussions for continued stay/return to your own country as well as particular incidents, dates, location and involved persons that have contributed to your asylum claim.

7. Witness affidavits: To further strengthen your asylum-seeking claims, witness statements can also be submitted if available in order to vindicate your case.

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Other 3rd party corroborations may be in the form of support letters from family/friends/associates which may portray personal ties and relationships to your home country as well as vouch for your credibility as well as express their support for your asylum claim.

8. Declaration statement: In addition to your persecution statement, you should also provide the reasons for seeking asylum in Canada by detailing the significant factors that led to your choice of Canada as your preferred asylum destination.

9. Immigration forms: These are official forms provided by the Canadian government that aim to collect personal information towards your background and resultant circumstances for seeking asylum in Canada.

Some of the common Canadian immigration forms include: IMM 0008 (Generic Application Form for Canada) and the IMM 5669 (Schedule A – Background/Declaration)

Refugee protection claim form: One of such entails the Basis of Claim (BOC) form which is a form whereby you can describe yourself and the reasons behind your fear of returning to your own country which will be used as evidence while your asylum request is being reviewed.

10. Country of origin information: This entails the submission of supporting evidence in regards to the current situation in your home country. This may include human rights reports, news articles, or any other documentation related to incidents you’ve experienced that may support your fear of returning to your home country.

Expert opinion letters from human rights organizations or legal/medical experts may also be submitted to lend credibility to your asylum claim.

11. Medical or psychological evaluations: In instances of physical or psychological trauma, medical or psychological records obtained from qualified medical professionals as well as visual evidence of photographs detailing injuries or harm sustained as a result of persecution.

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In addition, a detailed medical history may also distinguish your health status pre and post persecution can further support your asylum case.

12. Bank statements: These are required in-order to gauge your financial capacity in terms of financial self sustenance as well as your eligibility in receiving certain forms of assistance while in Canada.

13. Proof of income: Evidence of financial history and ties to your home country such as employment contracts, payslips can act as proof of income for those in employment while registration records, tax documents or other forms of documentation corroborate business ownership.

Additional documents specific to your case may be required and as such, it is crucial to be comprehensive and organized when gathering supplementary documents.

While these documents may not be as fundamental as the core documents listed earlier in the asylum application process, they can add depth and context to your case.

In conclusion, it is advisable to seek the services of a lawyer or an expert in this field since they  can significantly impact the outcome of your asylum case in Canada by providing the essential guidance in the facilitation of a successful asylum application.

Lylyane Kim

Lylyane Kim holds a diploma in travel & tourism management with over 10+ years experience in the field and has worked with both local and international travel agencies. She is always ready to assist on matters related to passport/visa, bookings, travel documents, itineraries etc so feel free to reach out to her on any of her social channels for assistance.

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